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The Landscape With Cows
Oil on canvas, 60 x 90 cm

MIKHAIL KLODT (1832-1902)

Mikhail Konstantinovich Klodt baron von Jürgensburg (1832–1902; both Saint Petersburg) was a Russian realistic painter.

Mikhail Klodt was born to the artistic family of barons Klodt von Jürgensburg, his father Konstantin Klodt was the first Russian wood engraver, his uncle Peter Klodt von Jürgensburg was a famous Russian sculptor.

He learnt drawing at the Saint Petersburg Mining Cadet Corps, then at the Imperial Academy of Arts (1851–1858). After receiving a Large Galod Medal he received scholarship for three years to study painting in France, Switzerland and Italy but abandoned his foreign trip in a year. He complained that the foreign landscapes would not inspire him and that French and Italian school of painting is inferior to Russian one. After returning Klodt got permissions to use the rest of the scholarship funds in his travel over Russia.

In 1863 Klodt got recognition for his painting Highway in Autumn. Even higher praise was given for his work In the field (1872) and the Forest view in the Midday (1878). Observers celebrated his devotion to Russian landscape, attention to the details, stereoscopy of his works. On the other hand popular art critic Vladimir Stasov noted petty naturalism and the "slavish following to reality" in many Klodt works. As an example of such a work he stated Cows at Watering (1879). In both his devotion to the Russian landscape and some petty naturalism Klodt was probably the forerunner of Ivan Shishkin.

Mikhail Klodt was a founding member of Peredvizhniki movement, but Peredvizhniki did not completely consider him as their own. That was partially due to the sharp criticisms from Klodt and partially because of him keeping his professorship of the Imperial Academy of Arts (1871–1886). After Klodt's particularly sharp criticism over Arkhip Kuindzhi Klodt was forced to break with Peredvizhniki. Soon he retired from the Academy as well.

Klodt did not paint anything of value after the 1870s. Half-blind and financially broken, he died in 1902.

From Wikipedia


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